• Ensure your home has adequate insulation. Check insulation levels in your attic, ceiling, walls, floors and crawl spaces.
  • Look for cracks and gaps around your windows, doors, ceilings, walls and floors. Of the air that seeps into and out of your home, 31% of it does so through openings in your ceilings, walls, and floors; 21% goes through windows and doors.
  • Properly maintain your heating and cooling systems and your major appliances. By maintaining them correctly you keep them working at top performance, which means they use less energy.
  • Use dimmers, timers and sensors to reduce energy usage from lighting. Placing dimmers and sensors in high-use areas, or places where the lights are often left on, can reduce energy consumption dramatically.
  • Switch to compact fluorescent light bulbs. Because they last 10 times longer than regular bulbs, each bulb can save $30 in bulb cost, and enough energy to light 3 million homes!
  • Turn off lights and home electronics when they’re not in use. Unplugging them saves even more energy.
  • Install a programmable thermostat in your home to regulate temperatures. Set a schedule for your thermostat so it automatically adjusts for periods when no one is home or at night when everyone is asleep.
  • Keep window coverings closed during the day when you’re running the air conditioner. This prevents sunlight from heating the house, which forces your A/C to work harder.
  • Keep window coverings open during the day when you are running the heat. This lets the sunlight and heat in and helps heat the house so the furnace doesn’t have to work as hard. At night, close them to reduce the chill from cold air around the windows.
  • Turn down the thermostat on your hot water heater. A setting of 120 degrees is sufficient for most people.
  • Repair leaky faucets immediately to avoid wasting water.
  • Take showers instead of baths. Showers use, on average, half the amount of water as baths.
  • Install low-flow faucets and shower heads. Low-flow shower heads use half the water as a regular shower head.
  • Fill the washers before running a cycle. Only wash dishes or clothes when the dishwasher or clothes washer is full. Running it when it is not full just means you’ll have to do another load sooner, and another load means using up more power.
  • Check and clean the fridge and oven door seals and gaskets. The seal should be tight every time you close the door. If it’s not, then you have air leaking out and in, which makes appliances work harder. To clean seals and gaskets, use an all-purpose cleaner or use a mix of vinegar and water. To make the seal glide smooth at points of contact, use a spray such as PAM on the gaskets.